This study compares peer helping and 12-step involvement among participants receiving chemical dependency treatment at day hospital (N = 503) and residential (N = 230) programs, and examines relationships between both variables and outcomes.
Findings show that residential (vs. day hospital) participants reported significantly more peer helping and 12-step involvement during treatment, and marginally more 12-step involvement at 6 months.
Both peer helping and 12-step involvement predicted higher odds of sobriety across follow-ups; helping showed an indirect effect on sobriety via 12-step involvement.
Results contribute to the 12-step facilitation literature (TSF); confirm prior results regarding benefits of mutual aid; and highlight methodological issues in helping research.
Research report; 12 Step Involvement and Peer Helping in Day Hospital and Residential Programs, Sarah E. Zemore; Lee Ann Kaskutas; Substance Use & Misuse, Volume 43, Issue 12 & 13 October 2008 , pages 1882 – 1903