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Violence victimization, help-seeking, and one- and eight-year outcomes of individuals with alcohol use disorders.
We examined the associations of recent victimization with subsequent participation in alcohol-related treatment and mutual help, and with short- and long-term drinking and health outcomes.
Treatment-naïve men and women having an alcohol use disorder with (n = 73) or without (n = 491) recent violence victimization were assessed at baseline and 1 and 8 years later.
Victimized individuals had more
- days intoxicated,
- drinking problems,
- symptoms of depression, and
- physical health problems at baseline, and
- were more likely to attend Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) during Year 1.
Victimization at baseline predicted re-victimization at 1 year, and more depressive symptoms and physical health problems at 8 years.
Participation in alcohol-related treatment or AA during Year 1 was associated with fewer drinking problems. In addition, treatment or AA participation was of greater benefit to victimized individuals in terms of reducing drinking-related or health problems.
Alcohol use disorder interventions are effective for men and women with recent victimization, but additional services may be needed to remedy problems with depression and physical health and to prevent further victimization.
Addiction Research & Theory. Posted online on September 7, 2010(doi:10.3109/16066359.2010.507891) Renee Schneider, Christine Timko, Bernice Moos, Rudolf Moos