Predictors of changes in alcohol-related self-efficacy over 16 years

Self-efficacy is a robust predictor of short- and long-term remission after alcohol treatment. This study examined the predictors of self-efficacy in the year after treatment and 15 years later.

A sample of 420 individuals with alcohol use disorders was assessed five times over the course of 16 years.

Predictors of self-efficacy at 1 year included

  • improvement from baseline to 1 year in heavy drinking,
  • alcohol-related problems,
  • depression,
  • impulsivity,
  • avoidance coping,
  • social support from friends, and
  • longer duration of participation in mutual-help Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).

Female gender, more education, less change in substance use problems, and impulsivity during the first year predicted improvement in self-efficacy over 16 years.

Clinicians should focus on

  • keeping patients engaged in self-help of AA,
  • addressing depressive symptoms,
  • improving patient’s coping, and
  • enhancing social support

during the first year and reduce the risk of relapse by monitoring individuals whose alcohol problems and impulsivity improve unusually quickly.

Research; Predictors of changes in alcohol-related self-efficacy over 16 years. John McKellar Ph.D, Mark Ilgen Ph.D., Bernice S. Moos B.A. and Rudolf Moos Ph.D. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2007 Nov 23.

See also;

Drug and Alcohol Abuse:
A Clinical Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment

by Marc A. Schuckit 

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