Working with Substance Misusers
The 12-step programs are discussed. It is noted that 12-step programs consist of a range of self-help groups, which have their origins in the recovery philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous.
The Minnesota Model is an adaptation of the 12-step program that is used in some specialist treatment settings.
There is a lack of knowledge and training regarding 12-step methods among professional groups, and misunderstandings are common.
The program does offer a resource which is widely available, free, open to anyone, and that provides support at times when other agencies are unavailable.
The approach may be a useful alternative or adjunct to other treatments for some clients.
Williams, C. Twelve step approaches. In: T. Petersen and A. McBride, Eds., Working with Substance Misusers, London, UK: New York, NY: Routledge, 2002. 362 p. (pp. 134-144).