Working with Substance Misusers

The 12-step programs are discussed. It is noted that 12-step programs consist of a range of self-help groups, which have their origins in the recovery philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous.

The Minnesota Model is an adaptation of the 12-step program that is used in some specialist treatment settings.

There is a lack of knowledge and training regarding 12-step methods among professional groups, and misunderstandings are common.

The program does offer a resource which is widely available, free, open to anyone, and that provides support at times when other agencies are unavailable.

The approach may be a useful alternative or adjunct to other treatments for some clients.

Williams, C. Twelve step approaches. In: T. Petersen and A. McBride, Eds., Working with Substance Misusers, London, UK: New York, NY: Routledge, 2002. 362 p. (pp. 134-144).

Brief-TSF satisfies these guidelines